Research Article

Organochlorine and Organophosphorus Pesticide Residues analysis by GC-MS/MS in Raw Cow Milk

Karthikeyan Ravichandran* • Srinivasan Krishnamoorthi • Muthukumaran Pakkirisamy • Prithiviraj Pandiyarajan • Sadhana Sekar• Kumaravel Shanmugam

Published 12/22/2015 .
Email: krbiotech@gmail.com




Author Affiliation

Department of Food Safety and Quality Testing (NABL Accredited Laboratory 17025:2005), Indian Institute of crop processing technology, Thanjavur, 613005, Tamil Nadu, India.


Article History

Received: Oct 2015 / Accepted: Nov 2015/ Published: Dec 2015


How to Cite This Article

Karthikeyan Ravichandran* • Srinivasan Krishnamoorthi • Muthukumaran Pakkirisamy • Prithiviraj Pandiyarajan • Sadhana Sekar• Kumaravel Shanmugam (2015): Organochlorine and Organophosphorus Pesticide Residues analysis by GC-MS/MS in Raw Cow Milk. In International Journal of Agricultural and Life sciences 1 (4), pp. 7–11. Available online at 10.9379/sfjal-122059-002-0081-x.


Copyright

© 2015 Karthikeyan Ravichandran et al. This is an open access articledistributed under the terms of the CreativeCommons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use,distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author andsource are credited.


Competing Interests


Abstract

Different pesticides have been used in tropical countries to control agricultural pests. Problem of the presence of pesticides in milk contributes to the serious issue of human health. The identification and quantification of Organophosphorus (Methamidophos, Acephate, Omethoate, Monocrotophous, Diazinon, Chlorpyrifos, Parathion methyl, Malathion and Ethion) and Organochlorine (Atrazine, Lindane, Dieldrin, Heptachlor, Chlordane, DDE p, p’, DDT, p, p’, Endosulphan and Imazalil) pesticides in cow milk collected and pooled from different localities of Thanjavur, Tamil Nadu was performed. Extraction was performed with 1:2 ratios of Dichloromethane and Hexane. The analysis showed that most of the pesticides were presence in the selected cow milk sample. Confirmation of pesticides was done through Scion 436 - GC Bruker with BR-5MS GC-MS/MS. Most of the Organochlorine and Organophosphorus present in milk samples. The result of the analysis showed that the cow may be exposed to pesticide rich feed which consequences the presence in milk. Hence, the intake of such milk might pose serious health hazardous to humans in this locality known tropical fruit which has been used in India since 1300 AD. Grape juice is well relished by all age groups of the society. It was reported that consumption of grape juice at moderate level helps in prevention of aging related diseases. The aim of this review, a summary of the nutrient content which is available in grape juice and to obtain a further understanding of the reported beneficial health effects of the naturally occurring nutrient content in the grape juice. It has been systematically studied for various biological activities with particular reference to clinical effects. Several other potential beneficial properties in grape juice like flavonoids, polyphenols, antioxidants, anthocyanins, and resveratrol have since been ascertained. We review the potential clinical applications of these fascinating natural substances.